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Why Women Urinate Frequently – Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis & More

Urination is the body’s way of getting rid of excess water, as well as wastes. While this is an important function for survival, its frequency can interfere with a woman’s quality of life.


Frequent trips to the bathroom, not sleeping through the night or refraining from going out for fear that they will leak urine, are often familiar to women who experience frequent urination.

A change in the colour of urine (red, pink, or cola-coloured), a sudden and strong urge to urinate, difficulty in emptying the bladder, urinary incontinence and painful urination are all indications of bladder control problems in women.

Causes and risk factors

Sometimes, frequent urination is due to drinking too many drinks that are known to increase urine production or irritate the bladder. Examples include

excess caffeine intake through coffee, tea, and certain soft drinks.

Frequent urination in women: Causes and treatment
Frequent urination in women: Causes and treatment
However, frequent urination may also be due to a number of medical conditions. Examples include:

bladder stones


interstitial cystitis, a chronic, inflammatory disorder of the bladder

low estrogen levels

overactive bladder

urinary tract infection

weak pelvic floor organs

Obesity is another factor. Excess weight can place extra pressure on the bladder. The result can be weaker pelvic floor muscles and a need to urinate more frequently.

Another risk factor for frequent urination is pregnancy. The growing uterus can place extra pressure on the bladder during pregnancy. As a result, a woman may have to go to the bathroom more frequently.

According to one study, an estimated 41.25 percent of pregnant women experience an increase in urinary frequency during pregnancy. Of these women, an estimated 68.8 percent report the increase in frequency causes them discomfort or distress.

Menopause can also affect bladder control. When women no longer have their periods, their bodies stop making estrogen. This hormone can impact the lining of the bladder and urethra. As a result, a woman may experience the need to urinate more frequently.

Another risk factor for frequent urination is a history of vaginal childbirth. Childbirth can weaken the pelvic floor muscles that hold the bladder in place.

Sometimes, however, frequent urination may be due to damage to the nerves in the bladder as well. Sometimes a woman does not experience problems with bladder control immediately after giving birth, but she may experience symptoms years later.


Complications associated with urinary frequency often depend on the condition’s underlying cause, which would be urinary tract infection, renal failure or damaged kidneys, pyelonephritis.

If urinary frequency occurs on its own with no immediate treatable illness, it can affect a woman’s quality of life. A woman may not be able to sleep well due to having to wake up to go to the bathroom very often. She may also refrain from social events for fear of having to go to the bathroom too frequently. These complications can all influence a woman’s sense of well-being.


A doctor may take a urine sample for evaluation. A laboratory can identify the presence of white or red blood cells, as well as other compounds that should not be present in the urine that could indicate an underlying infection.

Abdominal scans may be done, while taking blood samples for electrolytes to rule out complications is also necessary.

Tests for blood sugar are mandatory, the urine can also be tested for the presence of glucose.

Other tests may include cystometry or the measure of pressure in the bladder, or cystoscopy, which involves using special instruments to look inside the urethra and bladder. Other diagnostic methods may depend upon a woman’s specific symptoms.

Treatments and preventive techniques

There are lifestyle and medical means to treat frequent urination so that a woman does not have to suffer with the symptoms.

1: Lifestyle modifications: Avoiding foods and drinks known to irritate the bladder can help a woman experience fewer episodes of urination. Examples include avoiding caffeine, alcohol, carbonated beverages, chocolate, artificial sweeteners, spicy foods and alcoholic drinks.

2: Adjusting patterns of fluid intake: Avoiding drinking too much water before bedtime can reduce the likelihood of waking up at night to go to the bathroom.

3: Bladder retraining: Bladder retraining is another method to reduce the amount of times a woman goes to the bathroom per day. To accomplish this, she will work on a regular schedule instead of always waiting until she feels the need to urinate.

4: Antibiotics: If a urinary tract infection is causing a woman’s frequent urination, taking antibiotics to cure the infection may help. Other treatments and preventive techniques for frequent urination that is not due to infection include:

In addition to these methods, medications can be prescribed that reduce bladder spasms and encourage relaxation of the bladder. Sometimes a doctor will recommend injections which can reduce the incidence of bladder spasms.

In conclusion, painful urination or pelvic pains along with frequent urination, are also causes for concern. A woman should also see her doctor any time that she experiences symptoms make her uncomfortable or interfere with her quality of life.

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